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Karawo.
Karawo Gorontalo is a traditional cloth that is making handicrafts. Nothing that is not the result karawo fabric crafts. Gorontalo Language Karawo is embroidered by hand, which means people outside Gorontalo know as filigree.
Karawo born of a long process that is the result of the perseverance of the artisans. The art of making filigree or Karawo called "Makarawo". This art has been passed down from generation to generation since the time of the Kingdom of Gorontalo still prevail. The beauty of the motif, unique workmanship and good quality makes Openwork or Karawo very high value. So no wonder that the uniqueness and the quality of the demand by many people, both from within and outside the country.
Openwork fabric production or Karawo had been crippled. Not many artisans who pursue this world because of the hassle that takes a lot of energy, time, and perseverance. Therefore, the government made a variety of ways to make this craft can continue sustainable and increasingly popular, both at home and abroad.
One of the ways in which the government is held Karawo Festival which has been held for the first time on 17-18 December 2011 ago. The festival is held once a year will continue to aim to attract people in wearing Karawo products as well as strengthen the economy through the development of regional culture.

History.
Tradition mokarawo or make needlepoint is a piece of history has ever rescued women Gorontalo. Dutch first attempt to eliminate a wide range of traditions and local identity. This tradition has been around since the 1600s, long before the Dutch power in the region in 1889.
When the Dutch entry into the region, there are two important events that characterize the history of Gorontalo. First, many people enter and live in the mountains and remote areas as reluctant to pay taxes to the Government of the Netherlands. Descendants of these people are still living in the forest and remote areas, which is by the people known as Polahi Gorontalo.
Second, efforts to eliminate all forms of traditions, customs, and related matters of art or culture of the community Gorontalo. When the Dutch saw the power of the Gorontalo lies in customs, cultures, and traditions. Therefore, dilaranglah various activities related to customs and traditions.
Departure of the Netherlands does not necessarily make karawo out of "hiding". The situation at that time and the trauma makes mokarawo tradition is still being done in the hidden space. Karawo began to re-emerge around the end of the 1960s, but it has not been a product that is sold over the counter like other goods. At that time if anyone is interested in karawo, they will come directly to Embroidery and order. Karawo often paid for using the money, often also bartered for other needs.
Never saved from extinction when the Dutch aggression and experiencing heyday, now karawo back under the shadow of extinction. The reason is the lack of young people who are interested in using karawo as clothing, especially as Embroidery. Currently karawo generally performed housewife spread in some areas in Gorontalo. Noted there are currently about 10,000 housewife who still pursue karawo.

Production Method.
Stitching Fabrics Karawo
Stages workmanship embroidery karawo consists of three phases, namely the iris-pull, embroidery, and finishing processes. In the process of iris-pull this thread and bandwidth limits to be set up based on a predetermined pattern. The sharpness and precision of counting the threads that will be sliced ??and lifted largely determines the fineness of the embroidery. Stages of embroidery done by following the direction of the path traced thread thread.
Further stages of finishing by means of twisting paths with one winding yarn. It was intended to strengthen the yarn path so the end result is not embroidered embroidered look neat and sturdy. It takes 10 days to work on a large motif embroidered products.

Type Karawo.
There are two types karawo karawo manila and karawo belt. Karawo manila made ??with embroidery floss filling technique repeatedly in accordance with the existing motif. The connective karawo done by binding the parts and materials that have sliced ??the yarn fibers revoked following the pattern that has been made.
Both of these techniques are equally through three stages, namely the iris-pull, diving, and finishing processes. It took 10 days or even a month to make one large motif embroidered products.

source : wikipedia